CYBER LAW


New technologies generally create new opportunities for crime-new things to steal, new methods to harming others. As information technology has spread, so too has computer crime. Information technology has shown the inadequacy of law while dealing with the,

· Information technology itself;

· Changes brought about by information technology in the way we live, perceive and do business.

The courts through out the world have been dealing with the aforesaid problems and coming up with inconsistent answers. Sometimes these problems have arisen in separate tight compartments mentioned above; sometimes in combination with each other. The problems have arisen in all areas of law. The law providing answers to these problems are sometimes loosely referred to as Cyber Law.

CYBER LAW

Internet is believed to be full of anarchy and a system of law and regulation therein seems contradictory. However, cyberspace is being governed by a system of law and regulation called Cyber law. Cyber law is a generic term which refers to all the legal and regulatory aspects of Internet and World Wide Web. Anything concerned with or related to emanating from any legal aspects or issues concerning any activity of netizens a others, in Cyberspace comes within the ambit of Cyber law. The growth of Electronic Commerce has propelled the need for vibrant and effective regulatory mechanisms which would further strengthen the legal infrastructures, so crucial to the success of Electronic Commerce. All these regulatory mechanisms and legal infrastructures come within the domain of cyber law.

Cyber law is important because it touches almost all aspects of transactions and activities on and concerning the Internet, the World Wide Web and Cyberspace. Cyber law encompasses laws relating to:

· Digital signature law

· Cyber crime law

· Intellectual property rights law

· Telecommunication law

· Data protection and privacy law

DIGITAL SIGNATURE LAW

A digital signature or digital signature scheme is a mathematical scheme for demonstrating the authenticity of a digital message or document. A valid digital signature gives a recipient reason to believe that the message was created by a known sender, and that it was not altered in transit. Digital signatures are commonly used for software distribution, financial transactions and in other cases where it is important to detect forgery and tampering. Digital signature law provides a legal framework to facilitate and safeguard electronic transaction in the electronic medium. Various laws have been passed internationally to facilitate the use of electronic records and digital signatures.

DATA PROTECTION AND PRIVACY LAWS

Computer systems contain important and valuable data and they allow this data to be transmitted, copied and combined in ways which were never possible with earlier manual systems. People are concerned about how personal data is used and how it can be accessed. So, some controls on the use of this sort of data are needed. Data protection law allows you to check if any organization keeps information about you on computer and to see a copy of this personal data. The right to privacy may be infringed by utilizing private data already collected for a purpose other than that for which it was collected and unauthorized reading of others emails. Many nations have enacted legislations relating to data protection and privacy within their jurisdictions.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS LAW

Intellectual property rights, very broadly, are rights granted to creators and owners of works that are the result of human intellectual creativity. Intellectual property is divided into two categories:

a. Industrial property, which includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indication of source;

b. Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, and sculptures and architectural designs. The main social purpose of protection of copyright and related rights to encourage and reward creative work. Laws governing Intellectual Property Rights are nation specific. They differ from country according to the needs and the stage of development of different countries. Not all countries subscribe to international agreements regarding intellectual property, and this has led to widespread unauthorized copying. However with globalization it is necessary that there should be acquiring them. It is being achieved by the different organizations through treaties and agreements.

CYBERCRIME LAW

Cybercrime is defined as any type of illegal activity that makes use of the Internet, a private or public network, or an in-house computer system. Cyber crime ranges from the use of information technology to commit an act that would be criminal no matter how it is committed (such as the theft of money or other property) to activities more specially related to computers. These activities include the unauthorized access and use of information systems; theft of computer service and telecommunications services; and the theft, intentional alteration, or destruction of data and programs. As a growing problem around the world, many countries are beginning to implement laws and other regulatory mechanisms in an attempt to minimize the incidence of cybercrime.

TELECOMMUNICATION LAW

Telecommunication is a communication between parties at a distance from one another. Modern telecommunication system-capable of transmitting telephone, fax, data, radio or television signals can transmit large volumes of information over long distances.

Since the 1960s, telecommunications development has been rapid and wide reaching. More and more people involved in using computers and telecommunications to transmit their work from their homes to their offices or to other workers in the electronic chain. Telecommunication systems also fall within the territory of cyber space and therefore would form an integral part of cyber laws.

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Tips to Keep Your Mobile Safe From Virus and Malware


As the technology is advancing and more and more snazzy features rolling out, more and more viruses and Malware also getting tagged along. People these days use Blackberry, iPhone, Android phones and PDA devices to access Internet via the terminals and are more vulnerable to such attacks leading to a lot of risks and hazards just like PC.

Some of the risks caused by Malware and viruses are that they empty the battery in seconds, your files might not get saved or become invisible or even deleted, your private information might get leaked. Many bugs spread from phone to phone via MMS or bluetooth.

Here are few tips to keep your mobile safe from virus and Malware:

1) Get the mobile antivirus software and avoid Trojan or virus. Some of them are Kaspersky Mobile Security 8.0, Eset Mobile Antivirus, Norton Smartphone Security for Windows Mobile and Symbian. This will help you protect your phone from worms, adware, SMS spam, viruses, Trojans and other Malware.

2) Use your phone built-in security features. Make use of PIN and password settings so that you can keep your phone and even sim locked and secure.

3) Back up your data, all your contacts and documents and synchronize regularly.

4) Never download third-party applications. Especially Smartphone come with numerous coolest snazzy software applications. Be careful and download only from reputable sources.

5) Keep your bluetooth off or manual so that your device is not discoverable. So that your device is not broadcasting itself to all the devices 10 metros around you. You really don’t want some Malware automatically getting installed on your phone.

6) Also, do not insert any foreign memory card because it might be already infected.

7) Do not open mails and photos or a message from unknown people. SMS has become a transmission device for Malware, bugs and viruses.

Hence follow these guidelines and protect your mobile phones from Malware and prevent it form getting hacked. Safe phone techniques will help you go a long way and enjoy every bit of it.


Tips to Keep Your Mobile Safe From Virus and Malware

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What is Multimedia Technology?

As we know multimedia system can create, store, compress, decompress and show the multimedia contents. Several techniques can be used by multimedia systems to do so. These techniques are collectively called the multimedia technology. Multimedia technology comprises of different techniques that are used by multimedia systems.
By the use of multimedia technology different multimedia applications have been built and implemented in real life to make different jobs easier. Educational multimedia applications enable students to study at home. Different animation packages help to visualize the different phenomenon, which would otherwise be impossible in classrooms. We can visualize several complicated processes like how human heart works, how is the structure of human heart, how brain transmits signals, how volcanoes erupts and lots of other things with the help of multimedia technology. Thus, multimedia technology has enabled us to visualize and realize virtually, many things that would not be possible otherwise. Even if it was possible, it would be very costly for general people to afford it. We can even do the lab exercise without science laboratory by the use of laboratory multimedia made by simulating the laboratories.
Multimedia technology has also improved the communication systems. We can use videoconferencing tools these days by which we can held the huge world wide conference without every body meeting in a same place. In video conferencing every body taking part in the conference sit aside of their computers and put their news, views and ideas in front of other participants. The participants also can comment, accept or reject ones ideas or put any questions ahead for discussions. Through video technology every participants of the conference can also see each other in their multimedia computers. Video conferencing is in fact a tool and a technology that virtually brings many people spread all over the world together to discuss on some matters. People could interact witheach other as if the single conference hall.

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MULTIMEDIA AND ITS APPLICATION

MULTIMEDIA

We often see different pictures, songs and movies in our computer. Sometimes we also hear that some actions in films are not performed real but are made by computer animations. We see TV advertisements, different attractive advertisements in newspapers, and many other designs in walls, pamphlets and other places. How these have been possible after all? All of these things are made by using multimedia tools. These days, multimedia computers are used as the most prominent multimedia tool to develop such graphics designs, animations, videos, image editing, etc. multimedia computers are nothing but simply the computers like we use in our home which are enhanced with many other multimedia hardware and software. Multimedia computers are capable of generating, storing and displaying multimedia contents. Now a question arises”What is Multimedia?” lets try to answer it.

As the name implies, multimedia is the integration of multiple forms of media. Multimedia is the technology that uses any combination of different media; it may or may not involve computers. It may include several media like text, spoken audio, music, images, animation, and video. For example, a presentation involving audio and video clips would be considered a “multimedia presentation”. Educational software that involves animations, sound and test is called “multimedia software”. Multimedia programs are often interactive and include games, sales presentations, encyclopedias, and many more. Any systems can be said interactive if users could act or command the system and the system works accordingly. For example: in media player a playing video pauses if the user clicks on the pause button and starts again when user clicks on the play button and starts when user clicks on any button. The user’s clicks here are considered as the user’s interaction and the response made by the system is called interactive response. Users can interact in many other ways instead of mouse. If any multimedia supports or response specifically on one or more of the user’s interaction, then such multimedia is called the interactive multimedia. Such interactive multimedia has gained lots of popularity these days.

Multimedia requires the large amount of data to be stored. Hence, CD-ROMs and pen drives are the good option for storage of computer multimedia files. We could store multimedia in other high capacity storage devices which are also faster and easy to use. But mostly we choose CD-ROM and pen drive as multimedia storage devices as it is very cheap, it can store lots of data and it is very easy to store and handle. Such CD-ROMs which contain multimedia files are called “Multimedia CD-ROMs”. Nowadays we can get different multimedia CDs in the market which contain the entertaining and educational materials.

MULTIMEDIA SYSTEM

System means the combination of different components which work in coordination with each other in a certain manner so as to serve some specific purpose. Multimedia is the technology which can disseminate two or more different media like text, audio, video, etc in a single time frame. Thus multimedia system means the proper combination of different multimedia components which work together to create, edit, store and disseminate the multimedia components. Almost all of today’s multimedia systems take advantage of power and ease of computer systems. Without computers, today’s sophisticated multimedia cannot be thought of. So, multimedia system could be more accurately defined as the combination of computer hardware and software designed so as to create, store and disseminate the multimedia content.

The multimedia computer generally contains the following components.

1) Computer

2) Multimedia Software

3) Sound card

4) CD-Drive

5) Micro-Phone

6) CD-ROM Disk

7) Multimedia speakers/Head-Phones

8) Digital Camera and many other components.

All of some of the above mentioned components work together to make up the multimedia system which can capture, digitize, compress, decompress, retrieve the multimedia component (multimedia data) and show it into the output devices like Computer Monitor, Multimedia Projectors, etc. Literally speaking, all the components that could be used in the multimedia system are impossible to list out. The above mentioned are only some of the important components of multimedia computer system.

ADVANTAGES OF MULTIMEDIA

We have already mentioned various advantages of using multimedia. We can still specifically list out following points that explains the advantages of the multimedia.

1. It can be used to help students and teacher to teach as well as learn the given topics easily.

2. It can be used to spread the knowledge easily all over the world wide in the cheap cost.

3. It is easy to take the multimedia files from one to other places as it can be stored in the cheap and light storage devices like CD-ROM.

4. It can be used for any subject and for anyone.

5. It can be used in Television, Films Industries and for personal entertainments.

6. It is highly used to realize the concept of Open University, Distance Education System, and Video Conferencing.

7. It is also used in Internet to make up the interactive web-page contents.

8. We can give the everlasting impression to the intended audiences on a specific topic by the use of multimedia.

9. Colored pictures, Motion pictures and other graphics could be shown in monitors and other big screens so that many people could view it and make out the impression about it.

10. Multimedia systems are generally very interactive so it is interesting to use.

DISADVANTAGES OF MULTIMEDIA

In comparison to the enormous advantages we have very little disadvantages of multimedia. These disadvantages could be listed out as:

1. It is expensive to produce multimedia contents.

2. It is expensive to set up the multimedia systems.

3. It needs well trained manpower to create and use it.

4. Multimedia files are too large so, it is time consuming to transfer across the Internet and Intranet.


MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGY


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HTC wildfire

HTC wildfire is a very small phone having length of 101.3mm only. This is a touch screen based mobile. Even though it is a small phone of very small length, its screen size is not so small. In the main panel of this phone there is 3.2 inch gorilla glass capacitive screen which is very effective in use. As a whole the complete body of this phone is made up of qualitative plastic. Uppermost panel of this phone is made up of glittered plastics while the bottom panel is made up of rubber.

Menu, home, back search are in the lowermost part of this phone while the Micro SD card slot is given lower to that of battery. However there is no need to remove the battery while inserting and removing the battery.

HTC wildfire is similar in use to that of other HTC’s. In the home screen one can keep the shortcuts or widgets and can bring the changes according to ones wish too. Also you can keep the home menu into the list or grid.

Now talking about its application there are lots of s.n.s applications. There are facebook apes where one can update status or pictures and there are lots of features related it too. There is also the gesture control in this phone while turning the phone only leads to stop the ring. There is also a good facility of messaging and emails.

Even though there is flash spot with the browser you cannot play the youtube. For the connectivity this phone consists of Wi-Fi and 3g also. GPS is given along with the Google maps. There are lots of features including camera which makes this phone more wonderful in use. Its picture quality can’t be said the best.

The sound quality of this phone is very good and contains music player and fm. And the battery backup depends upon the statement of the company.

The price of HTC Wildfire is 13,800 (IC).

Its features:

Weight: 105 gm

Shape: 101.3*59.4*12.mm

MEMORY: LE-ONE 1230M.A.H

SCREEN: 262144, Coloured

TALK TIME/STANDBY: 4/120

BLUETOOTH/WIFI: Yes/Yes

PHONE BOOK CAPACITY: Shared

G.P.R.S/ 3G: Yes/Yes

CAMERA: 5.0 megapixels

FREQUENCY: Quad-Band

OTHERS: Microsoft Exchange Report, S.N.S integration etc.

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