New technologies generally create new opportunities for crime-new things to steal, new methods to harming others. As information technology has spread, so too has computer crime. Information technology has shown the inadequacy of law while dealing with the,

· Information technology itself;

· Changes brought about by information technology in the way we live, perceive and do business.

The courts through out the world have been dealing with the aforesaid problems and coming up with inconsistent answers. Sometimes these problems have arisen in separate tight compartments mentioned above; sometimes in combination with each other. The problems have arisen in all areas of law. The law providing answers to these problems are sometimes loosely referred to as Cyber Law.


Internet is believed to be full of anarchy and a system of law and regulation therein seems contradictory. However, cyberspace is being governed by a system of law and regulation called Cyber law. Cyber law is a generic term which refers to all the legal and regulatory aspects of Internet and World Wide Web. Anything concerned with or related to emanating from any legal aspects or issues concerning any activity of netizens a others, in Cyberspace comes within the ambit of Cyber law. The growth of Electronic Commerce has propelled the need for vibrant and effective regulatory mechanisms which would further strengthen the legal infrastructures, so crucial to the success of Electronic Commerce. All these regulatory mechanisms and legal infrastructures come within the domain of cyber law.

Cyber law is important because it touches almost all aspects of transactions and activities on and concerning the Internet, the World Wide Web and Cyberspace. Cyber law encompasses laws relating to:

· Digital signature law

· Cyber crime law

· Intellectual property rights law

· Telecommunication law

· Data protection and privacy law


A digital signature or digital signature scheme is a mathematical scheme for demonstrating the authenticity of a digital message or document. A valid digital signature gives a recipient reason to believe that the message was created by a known sender, and that it was not altered in transit. Digital signatures are commonly used for software distribution, financial transactions and in other cases where it is important to detect forgery and tampering. Digital signature law provides a legal framework to facilitate and safeguard electronic transaction in the electronic medium. Various laws have been passed internationally to facilitate the use of electronic records and digital signatures.


Computer systems contain important and valuable data and they allow this data to be transmitted, copied and combined in ways which were never possible with earlier manual systems. People are concerned about how personal data is used and how it can be accessed. So, some controls on the use of this sort of data are needed. Data protection law allows you to check if any organization keeps information about you on computer and to see a copy of this personal data. The right to privacy may be infringed by utilizing private data already collected for a purpose other than that for which it was collected and unauthorized reading of others emails. Many nations have enacted legislations relating to data protection and privacy within their jurisdictions.


Intellectual property rights, very broadly, are rights granted to creators and owners of works that are the result of human intellectual creativity. Intellectual property is divided into two categories:

a. Industrial property, which includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indication of source;

b. Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, and sculptures and architectural designs. The main social purpose of protection of copyright and related rights to encourage and reward creative work. Laws governing Intellectual Property Rights are nation specific. They differ from country according to the needs and the stage of development of different countries. Not all countries subscribe to international agreements regarding intellectual property, and this has led to widespread unauthorized copying. However with globalization it is necessary that there should be acquiring them. It is being achieved by the different organizations through treaties and agreements.


Cybercrime is defined as any type of illegal activity that makes use of the Internet, a private or public network, or an in-house computer system. Cyber crime ranges from the use of information technology to commit an act that would be criminal no matter how it is committed (such as the theft of money or other property) to activities more specially related to computers. These activities include the unauthorized access and use of information systems; theft of computer service and telecommunications services; and the theft, intentional alteration, or destruction of data and programs. As a growing problem around the world, many countries are beginning to implement laws and other regulatory mechanisms in an attempt to minimize the incidence of cybercrime.


Telecommunication is a communication between parties at a distance from one another. Modern telecommunication system-capable of transmitting telephone, fax, data, radio or television signals can transmit large volumes of information over long distances.

Since the 1960s, telecommunications development has been rapid and wide reaching. More and more people involved in using computers and telecommunications to transmit their work from their homes to their offices or to other workers in the electronic chain. Telecommunication systems also fall within the territory of cyber space and therefore would form an integral part of cyber laws.


  • Lia says:
    May 16, 2012 at 1:06 AM


  • Tim says:
    May 21, 2012 at 12:08 AM

    Informative article. This post has helped me a lot to know so much about different types of cyber laws in detail. These laws are important and helps in maintaining all the aspects of transactions and activities that are concerned and takes place on the Internet.
    what is a digital signature

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